Allergy is the hypersensitivity of the immune systems to some naturally occurring things in nature. These things that cause the allergies are known are the allergens. The most common allergens are food items and pollens.
Different types of allergies
Among the developed population, at least 6% suffer from at least one type of food allergy. And over 20% suffer the most common one, allergic rhinitis. You categorise allergens as water-borne, wind-borne, or transmitted through carriers like cats, dogs, or cattle. One can group the different allergies into these classes:
- Food Allergy
- Insect Allergy
- Drug Allergy
- Mould Allergy
- Skin Allergy
- Pet Allergy
- Allergic Rhinitis
- Dust Allergy
- Eye Allergy
- Latex Allergy
- Cockroach Allergy
The allergens that cause these allergic reactions are all around us. The only thing is that some of us are allergic to them or live in conditions where the allergens increase in number. So, we have to identify the allergens and learn to live with them or avoid them all together.
- Grass, weeds, and tree pollen – These are seasonal but inevitable.
- Mould – This will present in corners you pass by and in houseplants. Use only those plants that do not form mould.
- Dander – If you let the pets sleep with you, then dander and dried skin are imminent. This will cause an allergy which shows symptoms such as a runny nose that goes on for weeks.
- Toxins – Your shoes carry a lot of dirt and maybe toxins too. So, be sure to wipe them carefully on the mat and then leave them out of the house.
The usual symptoms are the formation of a hive or reddishness on the skin surface. These symptoms are specific to the type of allergy. Thus, we see these symptoms for hay fever (allergic rhinitis):
- Irritation of the nose
- Redness of the eyes
Coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and production of mucus in the lungs are also seen.
A few people may have an allergy of the eye (allergic conjunctivitis) where the eyes turn red and itch ceaselessly. You have the burning of the eyes and clear, watery discharge. You see the allergy trigger as pollen, pet dander, cigarette smoke, or perfume. The way to avoid the allergens is by closing the doors and windows or using an air purifier for your home or office.
We have many home remedies that do not need a trip to the clinic or a consultation with the doctor. Just check the items that collect dust and clean them regularly.
- Keep the doors closed and use screens for the windows.
- Use a spray to kill mites and cockroaches.
- Remove the shoes at the door.
- Toys need cleaning and a bath.
- Avoid food items that cause allergies.
These remedies are simple to use and will be available in every house. However, if the irritation persists or worsens, stop using the home remedy.
Allergies can lessen our functionality or disrupt our life. For this reason, we need to know how to prevent allergies. Allergies will manifest early in our lives. So, we will know whether we are allergic to something or not. This helps us to make preparations to face the allergy.
You can prevent a lot of allergens from entering and causing havoc to your life by taking some simple steps.
- Clean the mats and carpets regularly: This sounds like much work but actually it is simple. Just pull the rug or mat and leave it outside in the garden. If you do not have a garden, put them on the terrace or sit out. Give them a good whack with a stick (beat them for 5 minutes at least) and then shake them out.
- Give your pet regular bath: Too many baths can dry the skin and hair of your dog. But, you can use the allergy powders in limited amounts, so you stay safe.
- Wash your shoes: If your shoes and slippers are washable, then wash them. Set a regular time for them, say Saturday morning at 10 o’clock and do it.
- Use an air purifier: If you live in a polluted area (most cities now have dangerous levels of pollutants), you need an air purifier. This takes care of the house where you spend most of the time.
When you drive for work, use the route that takes you through the clean parts of the city. Mind your diet and avoid potential allergens and allergy causing situations.